As a network, Epidemic Ethics produces high-quality contextually relevant publications to support ethical decision-making capabilities in affected settings, as listed below.

Ambrogi, I., Brito, L., & Rego, S. (2022). Reflections on research ethics in a public health emergency: Experiences of Brazilian women affected by ZikaDeveloping World Bioethics, 1-9.

Atuire, C. A., & Bull, S. (2022). COVID-19 Heightens the Imperative to Decolonize Global Health ResearchGlobal Justice : Theory Practice Rhetoric13(02), Article 02.

Bhattarai, S., Adhikari, A., Rayamajhee, B., Dhungana, J., Singh, M., Koirala, S., & Shakya, D. R. (2022). Participatory Approach to Develop Evidence-Based Clinical Ethics Guidelines for the Care of COVID-19 Patients: A Mixed Method Study From NepalFrontiers in Public Health10

Brito, L., Santos, R. L. dos, & Rego, S. (2022). Solidariedade, cidadania e justiça social: Percepções de atores sociais sobre as respostas públicas à COVID-19Ciência & Saúde Coletiva27, 4117–4124.

Brolan, C. E., Körver, S., Phillips, G., Sharma, D., Herron, L.-M., O’Reilly, G., Mitchell, R., Kendino, M., Poloniati, P., Kafoa, B., & Cox, M. (2022). Lessons from the frontline: The COVID-19 pandemic emergency care experience from a human resource perspective in the Pacific regionThe Lancet Regional Health - Western Pacific25, 100514.

Bull, S., Jamrozik, E., Binik, A., & Parker, M. J. (2021). SARS-CoV-2 challenge studies: Ethics and risk minimisationJournal of Medical Ethics47(12), e79–e79.

Cabieses, B., Obach, A., Blukacz, A., Carreño, A., Larenas, D., & Mompoint, E. (2021). Migrantes internacionales en residencias sanitarias en Chile durante la pandemia COVID-19: Hacia una respuesta ética en emergencias sanitarias. Informe final. Medwave

Cabieses, B., Obach, A., Blukacz, A., Carreño Calderón, A., Larenas, D., Rada, I., & Mompoint, E. (2021). Alternativas de estrategias para una respuesta ética dirigida a personas migrantes internacionales en residencias sanitarias durante emergencias sanitarias. Policy BriefAlternativas de estrategias para una respuesta ética dirigida a personas migrantes internacionales en residencias sanitarias durante emergencias sanitarias. Policy Brief (

Canada, P. H. A. of. (2022, July 4). Archived:Considerations for the use of nirmatrelvir/ritonavir to treat COVID-19 in the context of limited supply [2022-02-24] [Guidance].  

Canario Guzmán, J. A., Orlich, J., Mendizábal-Cabrera, R., Ying, A., Vergès, C., Espinoza, E., Soriano, M., Cárcamo, E., Beltrán, B., Mendoza Marrero, E. R., Sepulveda, R., Nieto Anderson, C., Feune de Colombi, N., Lescano, R., Pérez-Then, E., Lang, T., & Alger, J. (2022). Strengthening research ethics governance and regulatory oversight in Central America and the Dominican Republic in response to the COVID-19 pandemic: A qualitative studyHealth Research Policy and Systems20(1), 138.

Chuan Voo, T., Savulescu, J., Schaefer, O., Ho Zhi Ling, A., & Tam, C. C. (2022). COVID-19 differentiated measures for unvaccinated individuals: The need for clear goals and strong justificationsVaccine40(36), 5333–5337.

Cox, M., Phillips, G., Mitchell, R., Herron, L.-M., Körver, S., Sharma, D., Brolan, C. E., Kendino, M., Masilaca, O. K., O’Reilly, G., Poloniati, P., & Kafoa, B. (2022). Lessons from the frontline: Documenting the experiences of Pacific emergency care clinicians responding to the COVID-19 pandemicThe Lancet Regional Health - Western Pacific25, 100517.

Cox, M., Sharma, D., Phillips, G., Mitchell, R., Herron, L.-M., Brolan, C. E., O’Reilly, G., Körver, S., Kendino, M., Poloniati, P., & Kafoa, B. (2022). Lessons from the frontline: Documenting the pandemic emergency care experience from the Pacific region – Infrastructure and equipmentThe Lancet Regional Health - Western Pacific25, 100516.

Dal-Ré, R., Caplan, A. L., & Voo, T. C. (2023). Informed consent process in the I-SPY COVID trial is questionableEuropean Journal of Internal Medicine107, 98–99.

De Vries, J., Burgess, T., Blockman, M., & Ntusi, N. a. B. (2020). Research on COVID-19 in South Africa: Guiding principles for informed consentSouth African Medical Journal = Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde110(7), 635–639.

Diniz, D., Brito, L., Carino, G., & Ambrogi, I. (2022). The need for an intersectional lens in health emergenciesThe Lancet Global Health10(1), e37.

Diniz, D., Brito, L., & Rondon, G. (2022). Maternal mortality and the lack of women-centered care in Brazil during COVID-19: Preliminary findings of a qualitative studyThe Lancet Regional Health - Americas10, 100239.

Dobie, S. (2022, January 3). Children at Risk in Brazil – Pulse

Downar, J., Smith, M. J., Godkin, D., Frolic, A., Bean, S., Bensimon, C., Bernard, C., Huska, M., Kekewich, M., Ondrusek, N., Upshur, R., Zlotnik-Shaul, R., & Gibson, J. (2022). A framework for critical care triage during a major surge in critical illnessCanadian Journal of Anaesthesia = Journal Canadien D’anesthesie69(6), 774–781.

Emanuel, E. J., Upshur, R. E. G., & Smith, M. J. (2022). What Covid Has Taught the World about EthicsNew England Journal of Medicine387(17), 1542–1545.

Forman, L., & Habibi, R. (2022). Revisiting the Legality of Travel Restrictions Under International Law During COVID-19International & Comparative Law Quarterly71(3), 743–760.

Getzzg. (2022, August 9). Solidarity, Afro-communitarianism, and COVID-19 vaccinationJOGH

Godinho, I. F. (2021). Direito Penal e COVID-19 no espaço lusófonoCadernos Ibero-Americanos de Direito Sanitário10(2), Article 2.

Herron, L.-M., Phillips, G., Brolan, C. E., Mitchell, R., O’Reilly, G., Sharma, D., Körver, S., Kendino, M., Poloniati, P., Kafoa, B., & Cox, M. (2022). “When all else fails you have to come to the emergency department”: Overarching lessons about emergency care resilience from frontline clinicians in Pacific Island countries and territories during the COVID-19 pandemicThe Lancet Regional Health - Western Pacific25, 100519.

Jackson, C., Habibi, R., Forman, L., Silva, D. S., & Smith, M. J. (2022). Between rules and resistance: Moving public health emergency responses beyond fear, racism and greedBMJ Global Health7(12), e009945.

Jamrozik, E., Heriot, G., Bull, S., Parker, M., & Oxford-Johns Hopkins Global Infectious Disease Ethics (GLIDE). (2021). Vaccine-enhanced disease: Case studies and ethical implications for research and public healthWellcome Open Research6, 154.

Jamrozik, E., Littler, K., Bull, S., Emerson, C., Kang, G., Kapulu, M., Rey, E., Saenz, C., Shah, S., Smith, P. G., Upshur, R., Weijer, C., Selgelid, M. J., & WHO Working Group for Guidance on Human Challenge Studies in COVID-19. (2021). Key criteria for the ethical acceptability of COVID-19 human challenge studies: Report of a WHO Working GroupVaccine39(4), 633–640.

Jecker, N. S., Atuire, C. A., & Bull, S. J. (2022). Towards a new model of global health justice: The case of COVID-19 vaccinesJournal of Medical Ethics

Johnson, T., Jamrozik, E., Hurst, T., Cheah, P. Y., & Parker, M. J. (2023). Ethical issues in Nipah virus control and research: Addressing a neglected disease. Journal of Medical Ethics, jme-2023-109469.

Katz, R. A., Salamanca-Buentello, F., Silva, D. S., Upshur, R. E., & Smith, M. J. (2022). R&D during public health emergencies: The value(s) of trust, governance and collaborationBMJ Global Health7(3), e007873.

Lowe, A. E., Voo, T. C., Lee, L. M., Dineen Gillespie, K. K., Feig, C., Ferdinand, A. O., Mohapatra, S., Brett-Major, D. M., & Wynia, M. K. (2022). Uncertainty, scarcity and transparency: Public health ethics and risk communication in a pandemicThe Lancet Regional Health - Americas16, 100374.

Luna, F., & Holzer, F. (2021). International cooperation in a non-ideal world: The example of COVAXCadernos Ibero-Americanos de Direito Sanitário10(3), Article 3.

Luna, Florencia, F., Holzer. (2021). Cooperação internacional num mundo não ideal: O exemplo do COVAX | Cadernos Ibero-Americanos de Direito Sanitário, 10(3)Article 3.  Retrieved March 7, 2023, from

Maketa, V., Luzolo, F., Muhindo Mavoko, H., Claeys, Y., Munday, F., Yemesi Benge, R., Bongo Pasi, W., Mankindu, D., Mampunza, S., Lukanu, P., Kasongo, M., Ntabe Namegabe, E., Kambale Karafuli, L., Phanzu Mavinga, D., Milandu Massamba, E., Muaka Khoso, C.-A., & Ravinetto, R. (2022). Boosting ethics review capacity in public health emergency situations: Co-creation of a training model for French-speaking research ethics committeesTropical Medicine & International Health27(10), 934–940.

Manriquez Roa, T., Holzer, F., Luna, F., & Biller-Andorno, N. (2021). Expert Views on COVAX and Equitable Global Access to COVID-19 VaccinesInternational Journal of Public Health0.

Marteau, T. M., Parker, M. J., & Edmunds, W. J. (2022). Science in the time of COVID-19: Reflections on the UK Events Research ProgrammeNature Communications13(1), Article 1.

Mitchell, R., O’Reilly, G., Herron, L.-M., Phillips, G., Sharma, D., Brolan, C. E., Körver, S., Kendino, M., Poloniati, P., Kafoa, B., & Cox, M. (2022). Lessons from the frontline: The value of emergency care processes and data to pandemic responses across the Pacific regionThe Lancet Regional Health - Western Pacific25, 100515.

Moniz, A. R. G. (2021). Promoção da saúde pública e proteção dos direitos fundamentais: A COVID-19 à luz das repercussões jurídico-constitucionais e jurídico-administrativas em PortugalCadernos Ibero-Americanos de Direito Sanitário10(2), 183–210.

Ne’eman, A., Bell, E., Schneider, M. C., & Strolovitch, D. (2022). Identifying And Exploring Bias In Public Opinion On Scarce Resource Allocation During The COVID-19 PandemicHealth Affairs41(10), 1513–1522.

Ngwenya, N., Ilo Van Nuil, J., Nyirenda, D., Chambers, M., Cheah, P., Seeley, J., Chi, P., Mafuleka, L., Nkosi, B., Kamuya, D., Davies, A., Schneiders, M., Mumba, N., Dlamini, S., Desmond, N., Marsh, V., Rippon, D., Parker, M., & Molyneux, S. (2023). A network of empirical ethics teams embedded in research programmes across multiple sites: Opportunities and challenges in contributing to COVID-19 research and responses [version 2; peer review: 1 approved]. Wellcome Open Research7(48).

Obengo, T. (2022). Medical debt during epidemics: A case for resolving the situation in low- and middle-income countries such as Kenya [version 1; peer review: 1 approved with reservations]. Wellcome Open Research7(245).

Palmero, A., Carracedo, S., Cabrera, N., & Bianchini, A. (2021). Governance frameworks for COVID-19 research ethics review and oversight in Latin America: An exploratory studyBMC Medical Ethics22(1), 147.

Pereira, A. D. (2021a, March). Responsabilidade em Saúde Pública no Mundo Lusófono: Fazendo Justiça Durante e Além da Emergência da COVIDResponsabilidade em Saúde Pública no Mundo Lusófono: Fazendo Justiça Durante e Além da Emergência da COVID. Responsabilidade em Saúde Pública no Mundo Lusófono: Fazendo Justiça Durante e Além da Emergência da COVID.

Pereira, A. D. (2021b, March). Responsibility for Public Health in the Lusophone World: Doing Justice In and Beyond the COVID Emergency.

Phillips, G., Kendino, M., Brolan, C. E., Mitchell, R., Herron, L.-M., Kὃrver, S., Sharma, D., O’Reilly, G., Poloniati, P., Kafoa, B., & Cox, M. (2022). Lessons from the frontline: Leadership and governance experiences in the COVID-19 pandemic response across the Pacific regionThe Lancet Regional Health - Western Pacific25, 100518.

Pratt, B., & Bull, S. (2021). Equitable data sharing in epidemics and pandemicsBMC Medical Ethics22(1), 136.

Pratt, B., Parker, M., & Bull, S. (2022). Equitable Design and Use of Digital Surveillance Technologies During COVID-19: Norms and ConcernsJournal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE17(5), 573–586.

Santana, Juliana, Lustosa, Raquel, Brito, Luciana, Ambrogi, Ilana, Ysis, Martha, & Simas, Aissa. (2022). Renda básica do zika à covid-19: Amparando as trabalhadoras do cuidado em emergências humanitáriasÁltera Revista de Antropologia14, 1–28.

Schaefer GO, Atuire CA, Kaur S, Parker M, Persad G, Smith MJ, et al. (2023) The importance of getting the ethics right in a pandemic treaty. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 0(0), 1-8, 

Sheather, J., Apunyo, R., DuBois, M., Khondaker, R., Noman, A., Sadique, S., & McGowan, C. R. (2022). Ethical guidance or epistemological injustice? The quality and usefulness of ethical guidance for humanitarian workers and agencies. BMJ Global Health7(3), e007707.

Silva, D. S., Jackson, C., & Smith, M. J. (2021). Mere rhetoric? Using solidarity as a moral guide for deliberations on border closures, border reopenings and travel restrictions in the age of COVID-19BMJ Global Health6(7), e006701.

Silva D. S., Smith M. J. (2023). Data Sharing During Pandemics: Reciprocity, Solidarity, and Limits to ObligationsJournal of Bioethical Inquiry

 Silva, D. S., & Smith, M. J. (2023). Is the Cure Worse than the Disease? The Ethics of Imposing Risk in Public HealthAsian Bioethics Review15(1), 19–35.

Singh, J. A. (2021). COVID-19 vaccines: How Structural Factors Can Vitiate Patient Autonomy and Dictate Vaccine ChoiceVerfassungsblog: On Matters Constitutional

Singh, J., Bandewar, S., Palmero, A., & Bhan, A. (2021). Acquiescence and submission to COVID-19 vaccination: Ethics considerations [version 1; peer review: Awaiting peer review]. Wellcome Open Research6(91).

Smith, M. J. (2022). Evaluating potential unintended consequences of COVID-19 vaccine mandates and passportsBMJ Global Health7(7), e009759.

Smith, Maxwell, D. S. (2022, November 16). Vaccine risk vs. Vaccine mandates. Healthy Debate.

Steytler, M., & Thaldar, D. W. (2022). Public health emergency preparedness and response in South Africa: A review of recommendations for legal reform relating to data and biological sample sharingSouth African Journal of Bioethics and Law14(3), Article 3.

Suwalowska, H., Amara, F., Roberts, N., & Kingori, P. (2021). Ethical and sociocultural challenges in managing dead bodies during epidemics and natural disastersBMJ Global Health6(11), e006345.

Torreele, E., Boum, Y., Adjaho, I., Alé, F. G. B., Issoufou, S. H., Harczi, G., Okonta, C., & Olliaro, P. (2023). Breakthrough treatments for Ebola virus disease, but no access—What went wrong, and how can we do better? The Lancet Infectious Diseases

Voo, T. C., Ballantyne, A., Ng, C. J., Cowling, B. J., Xiao, J., Phang, K. C., Kaur, S., Jenarun, G., Kumar, V., Lim, J. M., Tun, Z. M., Wong, N. C. B., & Tam, C. C. (2022). Public acceptability of COVID-19 control measures in Singapore, Hong Kong, and Malaysia: A cross-sectional survey. International Journal of Infectious Diseases120, 51–58.

Voo, T. C., Smith, M. J., Mastroleo, I., Dawson, A., & WHO Ethics & COVID-19 Working Group. (2022). COVID-19 vaccination certificates and lifting public health and social measures: Ethical considerationsEastern Mediterranean Health Journal28(6), 454–458.

WHO COVID-19 ethics and governance working group. (n.d.). COVID-19 and mandatory vaccination: Ethical considerations. Retrieved March 7, 2023, from

World Health Organization. (2022). Bridging the gap between ethics and decision-making in pandemics: Report of the WHO Pandemic Ethics and Policy Summit, 6 December 2021. World Health Organization.

Wright, K., Aagaard, N., Ali, A. Y., Atuire, C., Campbell, M., Littler, K., Mandil, A., Mathur, R., Okeibunor, J., Reis, A., Ribeiro, M. A., Saenz, C., Sekhoacha, M., Gooshki, E. S., Singh, J. A., & Upshur, R. (2023). Preparing ethical review systems for emergencies: Next steps. BMC Medical Ethics, 24(1), 92.

Wright K, Ali J, Davies A, Glasziou P, Gobat N, Kuchenmuller T, et al. (2023) Ethical priorities for international collaborative adaptive platform trials for public health emergencies. BMJ Global Health, 8(7).

Zohny, H., Davies, B., & Wilkinson, D. (2022). Affirmative action in healthcare resource allocation: Vaccines, ventilators and raceBioethics36(9), 970–977.