Epidemic Ethics is collating publications which examine the ethical dimensions of public health emergencies, including epidemic and pandemic preparedness and response. Compiled on a monthly basis, the list below aims to provide a snapshot of the recent literature, to complement and further contextualise our network publications. 

November-December 2023

Abdelwahab, S. F., Fathelrahman, A. I., Alazwari, H. F., & Almalki, O. S. (2024). Stigma and inequality in the management of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19)- patients among healthcare providers in Saudi Arabia and associated beliefs: A cross sectional study. Journal of Infection and Public Health, 17(1), 109–118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2023.10.019

Ali, I. (2023). COVID-19, multiple emergencies, and moral entanglements: Extraordinary and transcendental moral worlds as a new analytical framework. International Journal of Anthropology and Ethnology, 7(1), 20. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41257-023-00099-8

Alphen, A. M. I. A. van, Sülz, S., Lingsma, H. F., & Jong, R. J. B. de. (2023). Prioritization of surgical patients during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond: A qualitative exploration of patients’ perspectives. PLOS ONE, 18(11), e0294026. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0294026

Bolt, I., Specker, J., & Schermer, M. (2023). Telemonitoring: Ethical lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic. BMC Digital Health, 1(1), 47. https://doi.org/10.1186/s44247-023-00046-9

Bow, S. M. A., Schröder-Bäck, P., Norcliffe-Brown, D., Wilson, J., & Tahzib, F. (2023). ‘Telling them “that’s what it says in the guidance” didn’t feel good enough’: Moral distress during the pandemic in UK public health professionals. Journal of Public Health, fdad220. https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdad220

Broach, J., Brown, O., McEachern, C., Forget, J., Lancette, P., Soucie, N., Inzerillo, J., Klugman, R., Tosi, S., Haddad, A., Manor, P., Bylund, R., Dellostritto, G., Grecchi, M., Camelo, C., Shirshac, J., Eshghi, K., Vega, N., Hampson, S., … Muller, M. (2023). The mobile vaccine equity enhancement program–a model program for enhancing equity in vaccine availability based at a large health care system. Frontiers in Public Health, 11. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpubh.2023.1271162

Cati, M. M. (2023). Evaluating the Ethics and Efficacy of Italy’s Pandemic Policies. Fortune Journal of Health Sciences, 6(4), 386–391. 10.26502/fjhs.139 

Doan, H., Nie, J.-B., & Fenton, E. (2024). The precautionary principle in public health emergency regime: Ethical and legal examinations of Vietnamese and global response to COVID-19. Bioethics, 38(1), 11–23. https://doi.org/10.1111/bioe.13236

Elias, A., & Ben, J. (2023). Pandemic Racism: Lessons on the Nature, Structures, and Trajectories of Racism During COVID-19. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11673-023-10312-0

Fehross, A., Pahlman, K., & Silva, D. S. (2023). Ethics and Health Security in the Australian COVID-19 Context: A Critical Interpretive Literature Review. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11673-023-10255-6

Fleischmann, K. R. (2023). The Sociotechnical Construction of Distrust during the Covid-19 Pandemic. Hastings Center Report, 53(S2), S16–S21. https://doi.org/10.1002/hast.1519

Göttert, E. A. F. (2023). What is fair? Ethical analysis of triage criteria and disability rights during the COVID-19 pandemic and the German legislation. Journal of Medical Ethics, jme-2023-109326. https://doi.org/10.1136/jme-2023-109326

Gustavsson, M. E., von Schreeb, J., Arnberg, F. K., & Juth, N. (2023). “Being prevented from providing good care: A conceptual analysis of moral stress among health care workers during the COVID-19 pandemic.” BMC Medical Ethics, 24(1), 110. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12910-023-00993-y

Hashibah, H., Mayasari, W., & Syukriani, Y. F. (2023). Ethical Issues in Global Pandemic Covid-19: Attitudes and Perceptions of the People of Bandung City Toward Contact Tracing and the Confidentiality Issues it Can Raise. Poltekita : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, 17(3), Article 3. https://doi.org/10.33860/jik.v17i3.2262

Idiculla, J. M., Muralidharan, J., & Kurpad, S. S. (n.d.). Use of Morphine in Critically Ill COVID-19 Patients: An Ethics Reflection. APIK Journal of Internal Medicine, 10.4103/ajim.ajim_99_23. https://doi.org/10.4103/ajim.ajim_99_23

Koong, A., McDermott, R., & Kaplan, R. (2023). Examining American attitudes toward vaccination during the COVID-19 pandemic from the perspective of negative and positive rights. Politics and the Life Sciences, 42(2), 291–305. https://doi.org/10.1017/pls.2023.17

MacMartin, M., Zeng, A., Chelen, J., Barnato, A., & Chuang, E. (2023). ‘The burden of wanting to make it right’: Thematic analysis of semistructured interviews to explore experiences of planning for crisis standards of care and ventilator allocation during the COVID-19 pandemic in the USA. BMJ Open, 13(11), e076674. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2023-076674

Mac-Seing, M., Gidey, M., & Ruggiero, E. D. (2023). COVID-19-related global health governance and population health priorities for health equity in G20 countries: A scoping review. International Journal for Equity in Health, 22(1), 232. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-023-02045-8

Malekzadeh, R., Abedi, G., Ziapour, A., Yıldırım, M., & Amirkhanlou, A. (2023). Analysis of ethical considerations of COVID‑19 vaccination: Lessons for future. BMC Medical Ethics, 24(1), 91. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12910-023-00969-y

Maria Cati, M. (2023). Evaluating the Ethics and Efficacy of Italy’s Pandemic Policies. Fortune Journal of Health Sciences, 06(04). https://doi.org/10.26502/fjhs.139

Mercuri, M., Hackett, K., Upshur, R., & Emerson, C. I. (2023). Expediting approval for medical countermeasures to address high burden disease: An ethical justification to move beyond emergency use authorisation. BMJ Global Health, 8(11), e013480. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2023-013480

Montess, M. (2024). Building solidarity during COVID-19 and HIV/AIDS. Bioethics, 38(2), 121–128. https://doi.org/10.1111/bioe.13247

Motorniak, D., Savulescu, J., & Giubilini, A. (2023). Reelin’ In The Years: Age and Selective Restriction of Liberty in the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11673-023-10318-8

Perušić, L. (2023). Negative Impact of Political Exceptionalism on National Trust as Evidenced by the Covid-19 Crisis (1st edition). Ethical Studies, 8(1), 70–85. https://philarchive.org/rec/PERNIO

Rodríguez, J. (2023). One Health, Ecological Bioethics, and the Ethics of Zoonoses: A call for Global Action. https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-3526828/v1

Schmidt, H. (2023). Equity needs to be (even) more central under the WHO Pandemic Agreement. Journal of Medical Ethics, 49(12), 797–798. https://doi.org/10.1136/jme-2023-109720

Shetty, Y., Thatte, U., Pal, A., & Katkar, J. (2023). Impact of the COVID pandemic on functioning of the institutional ethics committee: A comparison study. Perspectives in Clinical Research. https://doi.org/10.4103/picr.picr_79_23

Taylor, L. A., Solomon, M. Z., & Kaebnick, G. E. (2023). Trust in Health Care and Science: Toward Common Ground on Key Concepts. Hastings Center Report, 53(S2), S2–S8. https://doi.org/10.1002/hast.1517

Teng, Y., Dehghan, M., Hossini Rafsanjanipoor, S. M., Altwalbeh, D., Riyahi, Z., Farahmandnia, H., Zeidabadi, A., & Zakeri, M. A. (2023). Is nurses’ clinical competence associated with their moral identity and injury? Nursing Ethics, 9697330231209284. https://doi.org/10.1177/09697330231209284

Vonderschmitt, J., Wöhlke, S., & Schicktanz, S. (2023). Scarce resources, public health and professional care: The COVID-19 pandemic exacerbating bioethical conflicts — findings from global qualitative expert interviews. BMC Public Health, 23(1), 2492. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-023-17249-4

September-October 2023

Anderson, W. (2023). Toward Planetary Health Ethics? Refiguring Bios in Bioethics. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11673-023-10285-0

Andrea Ford, Giulia De Togni, Sonja Erikainen, Angela Marques Filipe, Martyn Pickersgill, Steve Sturdy, Julia Swallow, & Ingrid Young. (2023). How and why to use ‘vulnerability’: An interdisciplinary analysis of disease risk, indeterminacy and normality. Medical Humanities, medhum-2023-012683. https://doi.org/10.1136/medhum-2023-012683 

Ballano, V. (2023). Catholic Social Teaching, Human Dignity, and the Common Good: Exploring the Major Factors Affecting Big Pharma’s Corporate Moral Responsibility During COVID-19 (SSRN Scholarly Paper 4610077). https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4610077

Barbosa, S. do N. (2023). The view of Ethics and Bioethics on the health worker and health work in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, 28, 2759–2766. https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-812320232810.09272023EN

Cato, S., & Ishida, S. (2023). Infection control, subjective estimates, and the ethics of testing during the COVID-19 pandemic. Bioethics, 37(9), 897–903. https://doi.org/10.1111/bioe.13229

Celermajer, D., & McKibbin, P. (2023). Reimagining Relationships: Multispecies Justice as a Frame for the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11673-023-10280-5

Celuppi, I. C., Meirelles, B. H. S., Mendes, M., Schneider, D. G., & de Pires, D. E. P. (n.d.). Ethical problems in nursing teleconsultations for people living with HIV during the Covid-19 pandemic. Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem, 76(Suppl 3), e20220754. https://doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2022-0754

Colebrook, C. (2023). Deconstructing COVID Time. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11673-023-10284-1

Davies, A., Ormel, I., Bernier, A., Harriss, E., Mumba, N., Gobat, N., Schwartz, L., & Cheah, P. (2023). A rapid review of community engagement and informed consent processes for adaptive platform trials and alternative design trials for public health emergencies [version 1; peer review: 2 approved]. Wellcome Open Research, 8(194). https://doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.19318.1

Eyal, N., & Williams, B. (2023). When offering a patient beneficial treatment undermines public health. Bioethics, 37(9), 846–853. https://doi.org/10.1111/bioe.13216

Giubilini, A. (2023). Freedom, diseases, and public health restrictions. Bioethics, 37(9), 886–896. https://doi.org/10.1111/bioe.13217

Halabi, S., Gostin, L. O., Aneja, K., Nardi, F., Gottschalk, K., & Monahan, J. (2023). The Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) and the Partnerships of Equitable Vaccine Access. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 51(2), 234–246. https://doi.org/10.1017/jme.2023.85

Høeg, T. B., González-Dambrauskas, S., & Prasad, V. (2023). Does equipoise exist for masking children for COVID-19? Public Health in Practice, 6, 100428. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhip.2023.100428

Jacob Myumbo, L. (2023). Ethics of COVID-19 vaccine mandates: Learning from past experiences of pandemic in Tanzania. International Journal of Social Science, Management and Economics Research, 01(02), 15–29. https://doi.org/10.61421/IJSSMER.2023.1202

Jörgensen, E., Wood, L., Lynch, M. A., Spencer, N., & Gunnlaugsson, G. (2023). Child Rights during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Learning from Child Health-and-Rights Professionals across the World. Children, 10(10), Article 10. https://doi.org/10.3390/children10101670

Komesaroff, P. A., & Dwyer, D. E. (2023). The Question of the Origins of COVID-19 and the Ends of Science. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11673-023-10303-1

Lignou, S., Sheehan, M., Parker, M., & Wolfe, I. (2023). Healthcare resource allocation decisions and non-emergency treatments in the aftermath of Covid-19 pandemic. How should children with chronic illness feature in prioritisation processes? [Version 1; peer review: 1 approved, 1 approved with reservations]. Wellcome Open Research, 8(385). https://doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.19571.1

Lutz, Mariane. (2023). Ethical challenges in research regarding aging population. Medwave. https://doi.org/ 10.5867/medwave.2023.08.2714

McCreary, E. K., Essien, U. R., Chang, C.-C. H., Butler, R. A., Pathak, P., Sönmez, T., Ünver, M. U., Steiner, A., Chrisman, M., Angus, D. C., & White, D. B. (2023). Weighted Lottery to Equitably Allocate Scarce Supply of COVID-19 Monoclonal Antibody. JAMA Health Forum, 4(9). https://doi.org/10.1001/jamahealthforum.2023.2774

Nejat, P., Heirani-Tabas, A., & Nazarpour, M. M. (2023). Moral foundations are better predictors of belief in COVID-19 conspiracy theories than the Big Five personality traits. Frontiers in Psychology, 14. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1201695

Orievulu, Kingsley, Hinga, Alex, Nkosi, Busi, Ngwenya, Nothando, Seeley, Janet, Gerald, Anthony, Tindana, Paulina, Molyneux, Sassy, Kinyanjui, Samson, & Kamuya, Dorcas. (2023). A scoping review of the landscape of ethics review processes during public health emergencies in sub-Saharan Africa. https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-3423510/v1

Petrovic, N. (2023). Reassessing the VaxTax. Journal of Medical Ethics. https://doi.org/10.1136/jme-2023-109045

Rahimzadeh, V., Ambe, J., & Vries, J. de. (2023). Enhancing Reciprocity, Equity and Quality of Ethics Review for Multisite Research During Public Health Crises: The Experience of the COVID-19 Clinical Research Coalition Ethics Working Group. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 51(2), 258–270. https://doi.org/10.1017/jme.2023.75

Rheeder, A. L. (2023). The Ethical Assessment of the Stay-At-Home Order in South Africa in Light of The Universal Declaration of Bioethics And Human Rights (UNESCO). Journal of Bioethical Inquiry. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11673-023-10304-0

Sanjana Mukherjee & Leah Goodman. (2023). Strengthening regulatory systems globally: A crucial step towards pandemic preparedness and response. BMJ Global Health, 8(8), e012883. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2023-012883

Stoeklé, H., Ladrat, L., Landrin, T., Beuzeboc, P., & Hervé, C. (2022). Bio‐ethical issues in oncology during the first wave of the COVID‐19 epidemic: A qualitative study in a French hospital. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 10.1111/jep.13766. https://doi.org/10.1111/jep.13766

Sun, J., Sarfraz, M., & Asghar, M. (2023). The Nexus Between Ethical Leadership and Employees’ Perception of Workplace Safety During COVID-19 Under Mediation and Moderation Model. Risk Management and Healthcare Policy, 16, 1815–1837. https://doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S426295

Tilch, K., Hopff, S. M., Appel, K., Kraus, M., Lorenz-Depiereux, B., Pilgram, L., Anton, G., Berger, S., Geisler, R., Haas, K., Illig, T., Krefting, D., Lorbeer, R., Mitrov, L., Muenchhoff, M., Nauck, M., Pley, C., Reese, J.-P., Rieg, S., … Vehreschild, J. J. (2023). Ethical and coordinative challenges in setting up a national cohort study during the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany. BMC Medical Ethics, 24(1), Article 1. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12910-023-00959-0

Yu, V. G., Mendoza, J., & Lasco, G. (2023). Online qualitative research with vulnerable populations in the Philippines: Ethical and methodological challenges during COVID-19. SSM - Qualitative Research in Health, 4, 100349. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmqr.2023.100349

July-August 2023

Awunor, N. S., Obong, D. T., Jalo, R. I., Lar, L., Oyefabi, A., Okeke, C., Audu, O., Soter, A., Isara, A. R., Akinyemi, O., & Abejegah, C. (2023). Knowledge, Perception, and Uptake of Mandatory COVID-19 Vaccination among Nigerian Civil Servants: Implications for Evidence-Based Policies. Journal of Community Medicine and Primary Health Care, 35(2), Article 2. https://doi.org/10.4314/jcmphc.v35i2.9

Cordeiro-Rodrigues, L. (2023). Justifying a morally permissible breach of contract: Kantian ethics, nozickian justice, and vaccine patents. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11019-023-10165-9

Damian, J. U., & Tshitangano, T. G. (2023). Mapping the Global Adoption of Mandatory Vaccination against COVID-19: A Scoping Review. Journal of Respiration, 3(3), Article 3. https://doi.org/10.3390/jor3030015

Degeling, C., Williams, J., Gilbert, G. L., & Johnson, J. (n.d.). Why ethical frameworks fail to deliver in a pandemic: Are proposed alternatives an improvement? Bioethics, n/a(n/a). https://doi.org/10.1111/bioe.13202

Fischer, S. E., Vitale, L., Agutu, A. L., & Kavanagh, M. M. (2023). Intellectual Property and the Politics of Public Good in COVID-19: Framing Law, Institutions, and Ideas during TRIPS Waiver Negotiations at the WTO. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law, 10910269. https://doi.org/10.1215/03616878-10910269

Georgiou, M., & Titley, G. (2022). Publicness and commoning: Pandemic intersections and collective visions at times of crisis. International Journal of Cultural Studies, 25(3–4), 331–348. https://doi.org/10.1177/13678779211060363

Hossain, A. D., Nakalule, M., Venkataraman, S., Guillaume, Y., Mohareb, A. M., Wandera, D. N., Joan, K. E., Hasunira, R., Abenaitwe, C., Stuart, S., Mwehonge, K., Asiimwe, S., & Ivers, L. C. (2023). Revisiting the role of civil society in responses to infectious disease outbreaks: A proposed framework and lessons from a COVID-19 vaccine equity coalition in Uganda. BMJ Global Health, 8(6), e012510. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2023-012510

Hristova, E., & Grinberg, M. (2023). Moral Judgments in COVID-19 Triage Dilemmas: Does the Type of Life-Saving Resource Matter? Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, 45(45). https://escholarship.org/uc/item/7q61q1hg

Kooli, C. (2023). “Navigating Post-COVID Healthcare Challenges: Towards Equitable, Sustainable, and Ethical policy making.” Avicenna, 2023(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.5339/avi.2023.1

Law, C., Skapetis, T., & Rodricks, R. (2022). A Scoping Review of Ethical Considerations of Mandatory COVID-19 Vaccination of Healthcare Workers. Asian Bioethics Review, 14(4), 397–408. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41649-022-00214-5

Maria Cristina Plaiasu, Dragos Ovidiu Alexandru, & Codrut Andrei Nanu. (n.d.). Patients’ rights in physicians’ practice during Covid-19 pandemic: A cross-sectional study in Romania | BMC Medical Ethics | Full Text. Retrieved September 5, 2023, from https://0-bmcmedethics-biomedcentral-com.brum.beds.ac.uk/articles/10.1186/s12910-023-00935-8

Moazzen, V., & Gooshki, E. S. (2023). The extent of government intervention in the public health system and individual freedoms during the Covid-19 pandemic: A theoretical analysis. Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine. https://doi.org/10.18502/jmehm.v16i4.13232

Providing ethics advice in a pandemic, in theory and in practice: A taxonomy of ethics advice—Wilson—Bioethics—Wiley Online Library. (n.d.). Retrieved September 5, 2023, from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/bioe.13208

Rathore, D. A., Bhargava, D. A., Siddique, D. M. A. B., Tyson, D. K., Jain, D. A., & Khade, D. R. (2023). Emergency preparedness in a pandemic: Cultural considerations and ethical decision making. Pakistan Heart Journal, 56(3), Article 3. https://www.pkheartjournal.com/index.php/journal/article/view/1511 

Responding to the global mpox outbreak: Ethics issues and considerations: a policy brief, 19 July 2023. (n.d.). Retrieved September 5, 2023, from https://www.who.int/publications-detail-redirect/WHO-Mpox-Outbreak_response-Ethics-2023.1

Savulescu, J., Giubilini, A., & Danchin, M. (2021). Global Ethical Considerations Regarding Mandatory Vaccination in Children. The Journal of Pediatrics, 231, 10–16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2021.01.021

Shao, Q. (2023). Global COVID-19 Vaccine Distribution Strategy Study. 1172–1180. https://doi.org/10.2991/978-2-38476-062-6_150

Shekhani, S. S., Moazam, F., & Jafarey, A. (2023). Fighting the COVID‐19 pandemic: A socio‐cultural insight into Pakistan. Developing World Bioethics, dewb.12413. https://doi.org/10.1111/dewb.12413

Shikako, K., Lencucha, R., Hunt, M., Jodoin, S., Elsabbagh, M., Hudon, A., Cogburn, D., Chandra, A., Gignac-Eddy, A., Ananthamoorthy, N., & Martens, R. (2023). How Did Governments Address the Needs of People With Disabilities During the COVID-19 Pandemic? An Analysis of 14 Countries’ Policies Based on the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons With Disabilities. International Journal of Health Policy and Management, 12(Issue 1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.34172/ijhpm.2023.7111

Singh, B., Chattu, V. K., Kaur, J., Mol, R., Gauttam, P., & Singh, B. (2023). COVID-19 and Global Distributive Justice: ‘Health Diplomacy’ of India and South Africa for the TRIPS waiver. Journal of Asian and African Studies, 58(5), 747–765. https://doi.org/10.1177/00219096211069652

Fahlquist, J. Taking Risks to Protect Others—Pediatric Vaccination and Moral Responsibility | Public Health Ethics | Oxford Academic. (n.d.). Retrieved September 5, 2023, from https://academic.oup.com/phe/article/16/2/127/7152399

Tan, C., Ofner, M., Candon, H. L., Reel, K., Bean, S., Chan, A. K., & Leis, J. A. (2023). An ethical framework adapted for infection prevention and control. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1017/ice.2023.121

Campbell, Louise. (2023). The Ethical Complexity of Restricting Visitors during the COVID-19 Pandemic | BMJ Quality & Safety. BMJ Quality & Safetyhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjqs-2023-016103

Țigan, E., Lungu, M., Brînzan, O., Blaga, R. L., Milin, I. A., & Gavrilaș, S. (2023). Responsibility as an Ethics and Sustainability Element during the Pandemic. Behavioral Sciences, 13(7), Article 7. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs13070615

Timpka, T., & Nyce, J. M. (2023). Professional ethics for infectious disease control: Moral conflict management in modern public health practice. Public Health, 221, 160–165. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2023.06.017

Yasin, J. C. M., Barlem, E. L. D., Ruivo, É. D. G., Andrade, G. B. de, Silveira, R. S. da, & Bremer, L. C. F. (2023). Ethical Issues Experienced by Nurses During COVID-19: Relationship with Moral Distress. Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem, 32, e20230072. https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-265X-TCE-2023-0072en